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Практическая работа по английскому языку


Когда сдана: 2012 г.
Цена готового решения: 600 р.

Содержание задания:

Заданная тема: Практическая работа по английскому языку

Задания для практических занятий

Задание 1

1 Прочитайте и переведите текст. Выполните задания по тексту
2 Ключевые выражения помогут вам более детально понять текст.
3 Составьте 20 вопросительных предложений, используя предложенные выше слова и словосочетания.
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Задание 2

1 Прочитайте и переведите текст. Выполните задания по тексту
Закончите предложение
Ответьте на вопросы
Переведите на русский язык

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Magistrate’s courts
Magistrates courts (or courts of petty sessions) today deal with more cases than any other court in the English legal system. For example, over 98 per cent of all criminal prosecutions in England and, Wales are dealt with by magistrates. Magistrates also deal with some civil cases and perform certain administrative duties.
There are two kinds of magistrates: justices of the peace and stipendiary magistrates. Justices of the peace arc laymen (appointed, by the Lord Chancellor) who have no legal qualification. They are local people with some knowledge of the areas for which they are appointed. They are prepared, to give up a certain amount of time to the discharge of their judicial duties. So they are part-time and unpaid.
Stipendiary magistrates are full-time paid magistrates. They must be barristers or solicitors. They are found in the larger cities and towns, applications for such appointments being made by the municipal corporations. A stipendiary magistrate usually sits alone sad has all the powers of two or more lay justices sitting in petty sessions.
The clerk is the official of each magistrates' court who advises the justices an points of law and procedure, makes a record of evidence and prepares dispositions (i.e. statements sworn on oath in the presence of an accused person) made by witnesses. He also performs the administrative work of the court such as preparing information's, summonses and warrants granted by magistrates.
A clerk must not retire with the justices to consider their verdict, such matters being solely for the magistrates, but the justices may send for him if they need his advice.
The jurisdiction of these courts falls under two maim headings;
a) as a court of trial,
b) as a court of preliminary investigation.
a) Court of trial The function of these courts which consist of between two and seven, magistrates is to hear and determine charges against people accused or summary offences-minor offences that may legally be disposed of by the magistrates sitting together without a jury. The maximum punishment that may be imposed for any one offence is six months imprisonment or a fine of 1,000.
b) Court of Preliminary Investigation La this capacity the magistrates court Is called upon to determine whetner an accused person who is brought before it by means of by summons on by arrest shall be committed to stand trial at the Crown Court.
The prosecution calls its witnesses and produces exhibits (e.g. a gun, or knife). The evidence of the prosecution witnesses is taken down is writing in the presence of the accused and the document (called a deposition) is signed by the witness and the justices present at the bearing.
The accused may give evidence himself and call witnesses in his support or he may reserve his defense until the actual trial.
After hearing the evidence the magistrates decide whether the prosecution has made out a prima facie case. If it has, the accused and the witnesses are bound over to attend, the trial at the Crown Court. If the prosecution has not made out a prima facie case against the accused, the magistrates must release him.
When an accused is committed for trial be nay be either remanded in custody (i.e. to a prison, to wait trial) or remanded an bail (i.e. released an, condition that he appears at the trial court at a later date when his case will be heard).
The Procurator's Office
The Procurator's Office is an organ of the state that exercises supervisory power to ensure the execution of law by all ministries, organizations, institutions, all persons in office and citizens of the slate.
The procurator hits the right, and it is his duty, to appeal against all decisions and actions of stale organs and officials, which he considers to be unlawful. Every citizen has the right to complain to the procurator concerning any violation of the law. When a breach of law contains the elements of a crime it is the duty of the procurator to bring the guilty person to trial.
The procurator supervises the investigation of cases conducted by the Militia, slate security organs and other organs of inquiry. The Procurator's Office institutes criminal cases and investigates criminal cases, ascertains the circumstances under which crimes wen' committed, collects evidence against the criminals and then accomplices and sees to it that other investigating bodies act within the law.
During the hearing of cases the procurator maintains the prosecution before the court in the name of the state. It is his duty to prove the charges against the accused and to propose the penalty to be imposed on the guilty person. If he is of the opinion that the accused is not guilty, it is his duty to withdraw the charge. The procurator has the right to lodge protests with higher judicial organs against the sentences and decisions of courts, which he finds illegal.


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